Meaning Of Values
You can develop the necessary knowledge, attitude, and fundamental abilities to help you become a responsible, responsive, decent, and disciplined member of your school, family, and entire society with the help of the knowledge you will learn from studying these principles. Let’s now examine the topic, Value in civic education.
Values are used to express significant, shared beliefs or views about what is acceptable or unacceptable, desirable or unpleasant. It can also imply things that we value, which refers to the principles and norms that society holds dear and strives to transmit down from one generation to the next.
According to the description given above, precepts, morals, principles, ideals, beliefs, and standards are characteristics of life that society values and upholds as significant and worthwhile. These characteristics are given a lot of social value or attractiveness.
Values are basically universal ideas that establish accepted norms of behavior. Be neither mistreated nor hated.
These important and desirable values have a beneficial impact on our behavior, including our decisions, actions, and reactions to our environment, lifestyles, the activities we choose to participate in, and the satisfaction we experience from our everyday activities.
Our preferences might also be seen as values. Our preferences tend to be:
- Showing respect to parents, elders, and established authorities.
- Obeying the law.
- Arriving on time to school.
- Taking our academic work seriously, etc.
- Some things we dislike may include
- Cultism, improper dress, and violence.
- Leaving school late and hanging around with bad people.
- Taking part in vote buying and rigging elections.
- Exam misconduct and theft.
- Kidnapping, fraud, banditry, and other issues.
Types or kinds of values
1. Positive Value
Things with positive value are those that are good, desired, or worthwhile. A student who respects herself, established authorities, senior students, and even a friend, for instance, has a positive value.
Other instances include sincerity, hard work, obedience, humbleness, modesty, consistency, and commitment, among others.
2. Negative Value
It is a poor value, one that is completely undesired, unattractive, or useless. Such non-conforming values are frowned upon in society. Examples include saggy trousers, , unethical cult practices, being dishonest and embezzling money, and more.
3. Universal Or General values
These are values which do not depend on the time, place, and situation. Because they represent actual reality, they are always seen as external or Universal values. They are also always positive, beneficial, and desirable norms.
Additionally, they are unconstrained by time, space, and all other restrictions of the limited physical universe. They also have universal acceptance. Trust, honesty, work ethic, tolerance, humility, discipline, orderliness, generosity, justice, liberty, integrity, and so on are some examples of general values.
4. Intrinsic Value
Every member of society is required to uphold these values. They serve as a foundation for both the individual and the community. Families, schools, religious organizations, and others spend a lot of time working to instill these norms, standards, and morals in children. Education is a good illustration of anything that has intrinsic value.
5. Extrinsic or instrumental value
These includes unique methods, plans, or techniques by which we accomplish our objectives. Characteristics, attributes, and personal qualities are some examples.
6. Personal values:
These are the values associated with an individual. It is not focused on groups or society as a whole.
7. Group value
These are standards that have been proven to be recognized and followed by some people and groups. Group values can be good or bad depending on the effect on individuals and society. The value of a secret cult in society, might at times be in opposition to the generally acceptable values of the society.
8. Spiritual Values
This value relates to the bond between man and his divine creator. It relates to religious ethics, faith, and other concepts.
9. Material Values
This is a reference to generally held beliefs about a person’s fundamental needs. They consist of the necessities for man’s survival, such as food, clothing, and shelter.